251112_PROJECT-ABSTACT_04

 

251112 – PROJECT ABSTRACT                                                                                 Ashkan Sadeghi, Dip 16

 

Port Said and Port Fuad are located at northern side of Suez Canal along the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt. They have significant impact of world trades (1). Both form a city but because of abounded wetlands and lakes beside of them and lack of linked transportation infrastructure between them, it has restricted the city’s capacity for urban growth (2).

 

The project aims to design an Eco-Trans-Port-City as an extension of Port Said in Lake Manzala and Port Fuad in Tinah Bay. The project will connects and expands the existed ports for improvements of agricultural production, fishing industry and creating a new housing community for sustainable living condition.

 

Lake Manzala served as a significant source of inexpensive fish for human consumption and potential productive field for agriculture. In 1985, the lakes fishery was an open area of 89,000 ha and employed roughly 17,000 workers (3). However, Industrial pollution and lake drainage for construction of Suez Canal have reduced the lake’s productivity. The government of Egypt drained substantial portions of the lake in an effort to convert its rich Nile deposits to farmland. But the project was unprofitable: crops did not grow well in the salty soil with pollution and reclaimed land had formerly yielded. By 2001, Lake Manzala had lost approximately %80 of its former area through the effects of drainage efforts (4). However, recent wetland engineering project of Lake Manzala opens up a new horizon to clean polluted water and desalinate the lake (5). Therefore, the project will take an advantage of said engineering to design an extension of the port to bring back the agriculture and fishery industry.

 

Currently transportation between the two ports is so weak, thus, both are only connected by ferries running all through the day. This also created a traffic jam with the container ships passing through the canal. As consequence, transit time is significantly high; therefore, considering a new transport infrastructure as a core of the Port-City for future urban grow is highly important.

Suez Canal as an interface plays an important role for functioning the project, thus, the banks modification and depth alteration of the canal creates a potential field to accept more shipping traffic, reduces transit time and develops the port operation. This will result in an increased shipping tax income which could be used to fund the development of the project. Dredged soil from alteration and modification of Suez Canal also can be deposits into Lake Manzala in order to reclaim land for agricultural purposes and housing system.

 

As the BIOME, Egypt considered as desert, however, the Nile river delta does not have a specified Biome, but it’s kind of a mixture between grasslands Biome, and Fresh water and it grows significant amount of palm tree which can be engineered for structural purposes. More specifically Lake Manzala is a source of basin mud which also can be engineer to mud brick as constriction material.

Production of silk into a strong fabric can also be considered as another material production.

 

The expected outcome is to connect two ports into one cosmopolitan Eco-Port-City, which will not only operate international trades but it is also self-sufficient in local agricultural production to export. It establishes a new community to extend their local production and job opportunities for better living condition. Along with current Lake Manzala engineering system, the project enhances environmental and economic opportunities at the local and national levels.

 

The project would aim to provide a frame work that in future such infrastructure can be apply to other Egypt’s northern wetlands such as Burullus Lake and Alexandia Lake.

 

 

Notes:

1: Port Said government: http://www.portsaid.gov.eg/magals/ascan/Lists/List8/DispForm.aspx?ID=1

2: John Melady (2206). Pearson’s prize: Canada and the Suez Crisispublisher= Dundurn Press Ltd.. pp. 116. ISBN 978-1-55002-611-5.  Retrieved 2009-04-10.

3: Dinar, p.51

4: Ibrahim, P.145

5: Mr. Maher Kamel El-Gendy Director, Egypt; Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA),

6: Margaret S. Drower (1995). Flinders Petrie: a life in archaeology (Second edition). ASCE Publications. pp. 72. ISBN 978-0-299-14624-5. Retrieved 2009-04-10.

 

References

Dinar, Ariel (1995). Restoring and protecting the world’s lakes and reservoirs. World Bank Publications. ISBN 0-8213-3321-6.

Ibrahim, Barbara (2003). Egypt: an economic geography. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-548-8.

Zahran, M.A. (2008). The Vegetation of Egypt. Springer. ISBN 1-4020-8755-1.

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