PROJECT ABSTRACT: 121212

 

PROJECT ABSTRACT: 121212                                           Architectural Association School Of Architecture

Ashkan Sadeghi, Dip 16

 

Key words: Eco, Port, Wetland, Transportation, land reclamation, agriculture, pollution, desalination

 

Ports are one of the most important economic engine of a city, however, because of their industrial aspects, such vast lands has been disconnected from urban fabric.

 

Port Said, Egypt, located at north side of Suez Canal along the Mediterranean boards. It has significant impact of world trades (1). Because of abounded wetlands and also lack transportation infrastructure, it has restricted the city’s capacity for urban growth (2).

 

The project aims to design an Eco-Trans-Port-City as an extension of Port Said in Lake Manzala. The project expands the existed port for improvements of agricultural production, fishing industry and creating a new housing community.

 

Lake Manzala served as a significant source of inexpensive fish for human consumption and potential productive field for agriculture. However, Industrial pollution and lake drainage for construction of Suez Canal have reduced the lake’s productivity. Recent wetland engineering project of Lake Manzala opens up a new horizon to clean polluted water and desalinate the lake (5). Therefore, the project will take an advantage of said engineering to design an extension of the port to bring back the agriculture and fishery industry.

 

Currently transportation between the two ports is so weak, thus, both are only connected by ferries running all through the day. This also created a traffic jam with the container ships passing through the canal. As consequence, transit time is significantly high; therefore, considering a new transport infrastructure as a core of the Port-City for future urban grow is highly important.

Suez Canal as an interface plays an important role for functioning the project, thus, the banks modification and depth alteration of the canal creates a potential field to accept more shipping traffic, reduces transit time and develops the port operation. This will result in an increased shipping tax income which could be used to fund the development of the project. Dredged soil from alteration and modification of Suez Canal also can be deposits into Lake Manzala in order to reclaim land for agricultural purposes and housing system.

 

As the BIOME, Nile river delta does not have a specified Biome, but it’s kind of a mixture between grasslands Biome, and Fresh water and it grows significant amount of palm tree which can be engineered for structural purposes. More specifically Lake Manzala is a source of basin mud which also can be engineer to mud brick as constriction material.

 

The expected outcome is to connect two ports into one cosmopolitan Eco-Port-City, which is not only operate international trades but it is also self-sufficient in local agricultural production to export. It establishes a new community to extend their local production and job opportunities for better living condition. Along with current Lake Manzala engineering system, the project enhances environmental and economic opportunities at the local and national levels.

 

The project would aim to provide a frame work that in future such infrastructure can be apply to other Egypt’s northern wetlands such as Burullus Lake and Alexandia Lake.

 

 

 

 

Notes:

1: Port Said government: http://www.portsaid.gov.eg/magals/ascan/Lists/List8/DispForm.aspx?ID=1

2: John Melady (2206). Pearson’s prize: Canada and the Suez Crisispublisher= Dundurn Press Ltd.. pp. 116. ISBN 978-1-55002-611-5.  Retrieved 2009-04-10.

3: Dinar, p.51

4: Ibrahim, P.145

5: Mr. Maher Kamel El-Gendy Director, Egypt; Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA),

6: Margaret S. Drower (1995). Flinders Petrie: a life in archaeology (Second edition). ASCE Publications. pp. 72. ISBN 978-0-299-14624-5. Retrieved 2009-04-10.

 

References

Dinar, Ariel (1995). Restoring and protecting the world’s lakes and reservoirs. World Bank Publications. ISBN 0-8213-3321-6.

Ibrahim, Barbara (2003). Egypt: an economic geography. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-548-8.

Zahran, M.A. (2008). The Vegetation of Egypt. Springer. ISBN 1-4020-8755-1.

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